Last updated on: 6/14/2010 | Author: ProCon.org

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Biography

Position:
Pro to the question "Is Human Activity Primarily Responsible for Global Climate Change?"
Reasoning:

“The average temperature of the earth’s surface has risen by 0.74 degrees C since the late 1800s. It is expected to increase by another 1.8° C to 4° C by the year 2100 – a rapid and profound change – should the necessary action not be taken…

The principal reason for the mounting thermometer is a century and a half of industrialization: the burning of ever-greater quantities of oil, gasoline, and coal, the cutting of forests, and the practice of certain farming methods.

These activities have increased the amount of ‘greenhouse gases’ in the atmosphere, especially carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Such gases occur naturally – they are critical for life on earth, they keep some of the sun’s warmth from reflecting back into space, and without them the world would be a cold and barren place. But in augmented and increasing quantities, they are pushing the global temperature to artificially high levels and altering the climate. Eleven of the last 12 years are the warmest on record…

The current warming trend is expected to cause extinctions. Numerous plant and animal species, already weakened by pollution and loss of habitat, are not expected to survive the next 100 years. Human beings, while not threatened in this way, are likely to face mounting difficulties. Recent severe storms, floods and droughts, for example, appear to show that computer models predicting more frequent ‘extreme weather events’ are on target.”

“Feeling the Heat,” unfccc.int (accessed May 12, 2010)

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Organizations/VIPs/Others
Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
Description:

“The Convention on Climate Change sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change…

Under the Convention, governments:

  • gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices
  • launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries
  • cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change

    The Convention entered into force on 21 March 1994.”

  • “Essential Background: Convention,” unfccc.int (accessed June 14, 2010)

    Mission:

    “In 1992, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted as the basis for a global response to the problem [of Climate change]. With 192 Parties, the Convention enjoys near-universal membership. The ultimate objective of the Convention is to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. “

    “Press: Fact Sheets,” unfccc.int (accessed June 14, 2010)

    Other:
    Intergovernmental treaty of UN member countries
    Contact Info:
    Phone
    49-228-815-1000
    Email
    secretariat@unfccc.int.
    Website
    unfccc.int
    Quoted in:
    Pro & Con Quotes: Is Human Activity Primarily Responsible for Global Climate Change?